Kashmir Struggle for Freedom: Proposed Solutions

Muhammad Aurangzeb, Saleem Akhtar, Kamran Ali, Nasar Hayat, Shamaila Amir

Abstract


The central cause of incessant tensions and consecutive wars between two nuclear nations i.e. Pakistan and India in South Asia is the Kashmir dispute for the last seventy-three years. Numerous efforts inclusive of multiple dialogues and negotiations were made, but in vain chiefly because of India’s stubborn agenda, and its inflexible policies and approach towards the stance of Kashmir and also unshaken trust deficits between two hostile enemy neighbors. However, with the abrogation of Article 370 and 35(A) Kashmir conflict has turned into different paradigmatic dimensions. It has not only pushed the valley into an unending turmoil with changing the autonomous status of Jammu and Kashmir. It has also created the enormous imbalance in the demographic status of this region as a Muslim majority state in India. Moreover, most of the local Kashmiris have been struggling for the right to self-determination for many decades which was promised to them by the Instrument of Accession of 1947, and the UN resolutions through a Plebiscite.  Therefore, the peaceful solution is the need of the time to make this beautiful heavenly place on earth a place of the mental serene and physical comfort of its inhabitants as they suffering from an ordeal due to the oppression and human rights violations by Indian security forces. This thorny conflict necessitates and also utterly demands a systematic and sustainable solution with the help of the international community and the United Nations. The outcome of this study depicts that the desire for independence in Kashmir is evident, although a feasible solution to this dispute is not possible.

Keywords: Kashmir dispute, struggle for freedom, Pakistan and India, flashpoint of nuclear powers, plebiscite, Instrument of Accession, solution of Kashmir issue, IOK, POK, etc.


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