Social Analysis of the Living Conditions of the Elderly in Selected Communities in Edo Central Senatorial District, Edo state

Michael Irabor Ibiezugbe


The elderly in Nigeria are denied resources by formal institutions towards retirement and comfort to life in advanced stage of their existence. Yet, they are the custodians of culture and tradition, mediators during conflict resolution and contributors in enforcing peace in their various communities. This study therefore examined the general living conditions of the elderly, factors affecting their living conditions as well as proffering strategies to improve their living conditions in central senatorial district, Edo State, Nigeria. Purposive sampling technique was adopted and a structured questionnaire was administered to 250 respondents from five (5) communities: The Five major communities were randomly selected from each of the five Local government council of Edo central senatorial district. Data were analyzed with both descriptive and inferential statistics using the Chi-square analysis. The study showed that 42% of the respondents are in the prime elderly (70-74) age group. Farming and trading constitute the most important occupations engaged by the elderly with about 67.9%. The result of the chi-square analysis (x2) showed that factors such as Social factors such as income, feeding, housing and nature of support of the elderly are the major factors affecting the living conditions of the elderly in Edo central senatorial district. Based on the above the study recommends that there is need for health insurance schemes for the elderly, there is also need for stakeholders to design policies that will ensure the elderly are financially secured in their old age so as to improve their standard of living.

Keywords: Culture, elderly, feeding, family support.

Full Text:



Adebowale S.A., Atte O. and Ayeni O. (2012). Elderly Wellbeing in a Rural Community in North Central Nigeria, Sub-saharan Africa. Scientific and Academic Publishing.

Asiyanbola R. A. (2008). Assessment of Family Care, Housing, Gender, Daily Activities, and Physical Wellbeing of the Elderly in Ibadan, Nigeria.International Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Sciences Environment and Technology, 3(1), 95-96.

Atalay, D. (2018) The management of information in education management by using share point programme, International Journal of Humanities and Social Development Research, Baku, Azerbaijan. Volume 2, Number 1,24-38.

Asiyanbola R. A. (2009). Spatial Behaviour, Care and Well Being of the Elderly in Developing Country, Nigeria. IFE Psychologia, 17(1), 1117-1421.

Asif Mahmood, Muddassar Sarfraz, Muhammad Atib Ramzan, Muhammad Ibrahim Abdullah. Impact of creativity on entrepreneurial intentions through Self-efficacy. International Journal of Humanities and Social Development Research, Volume 2, Number 1. Baku. Azerbaijan. 52-73.

Azizmohammadi, F. (2017) A study of Kathryn Stockett’s the help from Patricia hill Collins’ view: A black feminist study. International Journal of Humanities and Social Development Research, Volume 1, Number 1. Baku. Azerbaijan.19-29

Bailey, C. (2000). Governance of social security schemes: social security documentation. International Social Security Association, 21, 71-113.

Colin, G., Turner, J., Bailey, C., Latulippe, D. (2000). Social security pensions. In: L.S., Cottrell (2002).Development and reform. Geneva: International Labour Office. American Sociological Review, 7, 617-620.

Gureje, O., Lola, K., Ebenezar, A. and Benjamin, O. (2008). Determinants of quality of life of elderly Nigerians, results from the Ibadan Study of Ageing. African Journal of Medical Sciences, 37(3), 239-247.

Hajime, O., Hideki I., Takao S., Atsushi A., Takayuki H. and Motoji, S. (2006). Reviewing the Definition of Elderly. Geriatrics & Gerontology International, 6(3), 149-158.

Kaseke, E. (2004). An Overview of Formal and Informal Social security Systems in Africa. USA and Johannesburg, South Africa: National Academy of Sciences.

National Population Commission.(2009). Final results of 2006 Census. Official Gazette of 2nd February, 2009. National Population Commission, pp 1-327, Abuja, Nigeria.

Newman, S. (2003). The Living Conditions of the Elderly Americans. The Gerontological Society of America, 43 (1), 99-109.

NPC & ICF Macro. (2009).National Population Commission Nigeria and ICF Macro, Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey 2008.National Population Commission and ICF Macro, Abuja, Nigeria.

Okumagba, P.O. (2005). Preparing for Retirement in Nigeria: A case Study of Academics in Delta state University, Abraka. IJBSS, 10(2), 98-109.

Orire, I. O. (2015).Spatio-Temporal Analysis of Population Aging in Kwara State. (Unpublished Ph.D. Thesis), Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria.

Poullier, J. P., Hernandez, P. and Kawabata, K. (2003). National health accounts: concepts, data source and methodology. Geneva.

Saiful Anwar Matondang (2017) Multicultural identity of Singapore as ex-British settlement and new Asian global city .International Journal of Humanities and Social Development Research, Volume 1, Number 1. Baku. Azerbaijan. 49-61.

Tollman, S., Doherty, J. and Mulligan, J. (2006). General Primary Care: Disease control in developing countries 2nd edition. New York. Oxford University Press.

Tostensen, A. (2004). Towards Feasible Social Security Systems in sub- Saharan Africa. In: M. Grimm, (ed). African Social Challenges, Bergen: World Bank; pp. 14.

Van de Walle, E. (2006). African households: censuses and surveys. Journal of social science and medicine, 2(62), 2411-2419.

World Health Organization. (2002). Water Related Diseases. Geneva: WHO.

Zriba, H. (2018). Pakistani Diaspora in Britain: The recreation of homeland space. International Journal of Humanities and Social Development Research, Volume 2, Number 1. Baku. Azerbaijan.7-23.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2018 Author(s)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.