LEGISLATION ON VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN - INTERNATIONAL LEGAL AND POLICY INSTRUMENTS
Keywords:Violence, victims, legislation, women, violence against women and their protection, discrimination, femicide.
Until recently, human rights were treated as a field-a matter of internal competence of states, therefore neither a state nor the international community had the right to raise the issue of human rights violations in a state without the risk that this should be interpreted as interference in internal affairs on that country. However, the international community, especially after the creation of international organizations-the League of Nations and the United Nations, pays more and more attention to the well-being of the individual-Man, as one of the most important conditions for maintaining peace, security, stability and democracy. Even today, in many countries of the world, human rights and basic freedoms are violated in a brutal way: ethnic, racial or religious minorities are oppressed, discrimination, genocide is practiced, and most importantly, VIOLENCE is practiced, which proves that the struggle for the full integration of this field of rights has not yet been obtained everywhere. Violence against women as a phenomenon appears everywhere. Each country with its national laws combats acts of violence in a way that ensures criminal prosecution, where they provide support to the victim and strengthen the prevention of acts of violence against women. At the core of violent behavior in the family are historically unequal relationships as a result of the views about the power of men and women-power is a function of achieving control in the family and over its members by creating violent relationships where these victims of relationships are women, children and elderly persons. States have an obligation to create various laws and policies that protect violence against women at national and international levels, but in many countries the legislation is limited and not enforced.
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