The Aspect of Perspectiveness of the English Verbs

Marharyta Alsultan


The category of perspectiveness has long been the subject for research of many scientists. It is defined as the concept of an action that has to happen in the near future and it reflects understanding of action inevitability. In the given paper the author describes the category of perspectiveness linguistically using onomasiological approach. Since linguistic expression allows to distinguish between several shades of action, we can say that the category of perspectiveness is represented by a number of separate conceptual situations, including the “intention” (“intentionality”), “willingness to join the action”, “approximation to the entry into action”, “inevitability”. These four features make up the structure of the linguistic category under analysis. In the course of investigation it was discovered that each logical stage of the perspectiveness category is associated with particular linguistic expressive means. The observed means were selected and analyzed according to each phase of perspectiveness in the context. The works of literature used in the research were “The Picture of Dorian Gray” by O. Wilde and “The Lady of the Camellias” by A. Dumas (son). This analysis stated the frequency of these verbal means use in linguistic discourse with the help of ranking method.

Key words: perspectiveness, linguistic discourse, future, hypothetical, probability, intentionality, verbal means. 

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